• Anabaptists - Hutterites - Habans in Moravia and Slovakia

     
    The movement of Habans - Hutterites was based on the Reformation of Martin Luther and Ulrich Zwingl. One of the essential requirements of the Anabaptists was to received baptism in adulthood, after their own free confesion. Hutterites did not recognize the state authority, military service and private property. In the new situation following the religious changes in Germany, was a lay interpretation of the New Testament too radical and its impact on the traditional German society triggered resistence, violence and persecution. Therefore the first members of this sect come during 1526 to Southern Moravia where was this first colonists accepted by the Lords. The nobles have conferring to Habans land (Habans socalled, presumably after the German words „haus haben“, sometimes also called Hutterites after spiritual leader Jacob Hutter) for the construction of the courts and the agricultural business. Habans have proven to be a skilled and diligent workers, especially cutlers, blacksmiths, potters, as well as pharmacists and doctors. Also today we can find in Moravia Haban evidence of their knowledge of viticulture. Habans have built a closed courtyards, where they lived their faith in isolation from the outside, worked together in the joint workshops and lead a modest family life.

    Faience in Europe

    The Haban´s manufacture of faience is more famous as other their handicrafts. Anabaptists transfered knowledge of the manufacture of pottery from Italy and Germany. The technology came to Italy from Spain with the Arab population of the Iberian Peninsula (other name for faience is Majolica after Mallorka, or Majorca ). Famous center of production of faience, ceramics made from clay with relatively low firing temperature between 900–1000 degrees Celsius, was during second half of 15th Century to the middle of the 16th Century, particularly Faenza (hence the name faience), and later Florence and Venice. In Northern Europe the art of faience has spread to the Dutch Delft.

    Haban faience

    Moravian and Slovak Habans did not interrupt contacts with inspiring faience factories in Italy and Delft, despite their isolated way of life. Haban ceramics, however, has based its own color and ornamental language, which was originally developed in the 16th century on a strict interpretation of the Bible. Faience production in the years 1530 till 1612, was characterized by the use of floral and heraldic motifs on a white background with four colors,green, yelow, blue and purple. Habans during this period produced in their workshops ceramic articles which were popular both in the palaces and the houses of wealthy citizens, but also in pharmacies and wineries. With increasing pressure after battle on White Mountain ends favorable conditions for life of Habans in Moravia. Habans have moved on 1622 to Slovakia, which was at that time religiously more tolerant country. But gradually also here is Haban way of life under pressure from the outside, resulting to the disintegration with the traditional communities. Their members step by step merged with the surrounding society (even in connection with the decision of 1685 on the abolition of joint property). These changes in the spiritual and secular Haban life was reflected also in the ornamental ceramic works. Haban´s motifs were gradually taken over by the local folk potters and enriched by the Moravian and Slovak folk art elements. Some Baptists - Hutterites came to Transylvania, Ukraine and Russia. Active, mainly agricultural colonies of Hutterites, still exist in Canada and USA.

    Workshop Juraj Vanya isinspired by 400 years old shapes and ornaments ofHaban´s-Hutterites ceramics.

    The Czech Newspaper ( České noviny ) wrote about us on04.23.11:
    The Museum of historical village architecture Veselý Kopec opened the seasonwith Easter program.

    Greatest interest aroustedthe potteryfrom Ceramic workshop ofthe artist Juraj Vanya Sedlčany.

    Fourpainters, his colleagues,performedin the workshopproduction of​​ceramic eggs with fine decors.

    The Czech Newspaper ( České noviny ) wrote about us 01/06/11:
    Renovated Golden Lane in Prague invites you to visit again


    Prague - The picturesque Golden Lane at Prague Castle from today can once again admire locals and tourists ( and also the Haus No.17 with Store of Caramic workshop Juraj Vanya ). Afterlarge renovationwas opened this morning byPresident Vaclav Klaus, who has his office in the castlenot far from it. The first participants have visited therenovated street at noon. Was opened after 13 months.